The Trump administration enacted Title 42 public health protections in March of 2020 in order to combat the spread of the COVID-19 pandemic. Under the Biden administration, “just 59% of single adult migrants encountered by Border Patrol agents in December were expelled via Title 42 public health protections – the latest in a steady decline in the use of the Trump-era order that allows for the rapid expulsion of migrants at the border” reports Fox News.
Title 42 was allowed by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) to allow for the rapid expulsion of migrants at the border. Immigration activists have chastised the measure and put pressure on the Biden administration to do away with it.
Although Biden has kept it in place, and not applied it to unaccompanied children, the percentage of individuals expelled under the order continues to drop. Fox News reports “the 59% of single adults expelled is down from 66% of expulsions of single adults under Title 42 in November and 75% as recently as August. At the beginning of the Biden administration, that number was significantly higher.”
“In the last month of the Trump administration, in December 2020, 58,944 of the 64,536 single adults were returned via Title 42, and in March 2021, shortly after the Biden administration took over, 87,579 of the 100,116 single adults encountered were returned” adds Fox News.
In a statement, the U.S. Customs and Border Protection (CBP) did not directly address why the percentages are significantly reducing. A spokesperson said, “DHS continues to expel migrants under Centers for Disease Control and Preventions Title 42 authority.”
“Those who cannot be expelled under Title 42 and do not have a legal basis to remain are placed in expedited or full removal proceedings” they continued. “Our borders are not open, and people should not make the dangerous journey. Individuals and families are subject to border restrictions, including expulsion,” they said.
Fox News reports, “Some migrants from places such as Nicaragua and Cuba are being enrolled into the recently restored Migrant Protection Protocols (MPP), but the number enrolled into the program — which sees migrants returned to Mexico — were less than 300 in December.”
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Mexican railway forced to suspend trains after numerous deaths from migrants jumping on board
A railway was forced to temporarily suspend train runs in northern Mexico due to the dangers and injuries occurring from numerous migrants attempting to climb aboard its freight cars.
The Mexican railway Ferromex said it had to halt 60 trains carrying cargo that would fill a whopping 1,800 tractor trailers due to the at least “half-dozen regrettable cases of injuries or deaths” of migrants jumping on the freight cars, the company said in a statement. Many migrants even hopped on moving freight cars “despite the grave danger that represents.”
International trade will be affected by the halt, and the impact of the train stoppage will be “very important,” said Ana Bertha Gutiérrez, the international trade coordinator for the Mexican Institute for Competitiveness.
The Associated Press reports:
The company said there were about 1,500 people gathered at a rail yard in the city of Torreon, in the northern border state of Coahuila. The company also reported about 800 migrants waiting at the freight yards in Irapuato, in the north-central state of Guanajuato.
About 1,000 people were reported to be riding freight cars on the train line that connects the city of Chihuahua and the northern border city of Ciudad Juarez.
Gutiérrez noted the impact could be felt in industrial states like Nuevo Leon, Baja California and Chihuahua, given their links to the U.S. market.
Migrants have long used the trains, known collectively as “The Beast,” to hitch rides from as far south as Oaxaca state to the U.S. border. About a decade ago, the Mexican government briefly staged raids on the trains to discourage the practice, but later largely abandoned the effort, the Associated Press added.
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