House Will Vote On President Trump’s War Powers Regarding Iran
Democratic members of the U.S. House of Representatives will introduce a bill to limit the President’s war powers when responding to threats from Iran following last week’s targeted strike that took out the commander of Iran Quds Force, according to a letter submitted to House Speaker Nancy Pelosi (D-CA) on Sunday.
The Quds Force is a proxy group branch of Iran’s Islamic Revolutionary Guard Corps (IRGC), and has been designated by the United States as a Foreign Terrorist Organization.
The commander of the group Gen. Qassem Soleimani was killed in a U.S. airstrike near Baghdad Airport last week.
The letter requests that lawmakers vote on a War Powers Resolution “to limit the President’s military actions regarding Iran.” The bill also “mandates” that the Trump Administration’s “military hostilities” in Iran will end in 30 days, if the President continues to make decisions without Congressional consent.
The President’s decision to target Soleimani came under fire in recent days by senior Democratic lawmakers who say he made the decision without Congressional consent or “consultation.”
“The Trump Admin has conducted strikes in Iraq targeting high-level Iranian military officials and killing Iranian Quds Force Commander Qasem Soleimani without an AUMF against Iran. Further this action was taken without the consultation of Congress,” Speaker Pelosi wrote on Twitter Friday.
“Last week, the Trump Administration conducted a provocative and disproportionate military airstrike targeting high-level Iranian military officials. This action endangered our servicemembers, diplomats and others by risking a serious escalation of tensions with Iran.” the Democratic members wrote, “As Members of Congress, our first responsibility is to keep the American people safe. For this reason, we are concerned that the Administration took this action without the consultation of Congress and without respect for Congress’s war powers granted to it by the Constitution.”
The Trump Admin has conducted strikes in Iraq targeting high-level Iranian military officials and killing Iranian Quds Force Commander Qasem Soleimani without an AUMF against Iran. Further, this action was taken without the consultation of the Congress.
— Nancy Pelosi (@SpeakerPelosi) January 3, 2020
This is a major test for our country.
Will we allow decades of executive overreach and militarism to continue? Or will Congress step in and perform our Constitutional role to stop a war? The world is watching.
— Ilhan Omar (@IlhanMN) January 5, 2020
These Media Posts will serve as notification to the United States Congress that should Iran strike any U.S. person or target, the United States will quickly & fully strike back, & perhaps in a disproportionate manner. Such legal notice is not required, but is given nevertheless!
— Donald J. Trump (@realDonaldTrump) January 5, 2020
The President, however, argued in a tweet on Sunday that Congress was notified through his tweets. “These Media Posts will serve as notification to the United States Congress that should Iran strike any U.S. person or target, the United States will quickly & fully strike back, & perhaps in a disproportionate manner. Such legal notice is not required, but is given nevertheless!” Trump wrote on Twitter Sunday.
The President of the United States under article two section II of the U.S. constitution presides over the U.S. Army and Navy as Commander in Chief of the armed forces. Moreover, it grants the President the powers to pursue military action when there is an attack “upon the United States, its territories or possessions or it’s armed forces.”
“The constitutional powers of the President as Commander-in-Chief to introduce United States Armed Forces into hostilities, or into situations where imminent involvement in hostilities is clearly indicated by the circumstances, are exercised only pursuant to (1) a declaration of war, (2) specific statutory authorization, or (3) a national emergency created by attack upon the United States, its territories or possessions, or its armed forces,” the article states.