Millions of Uighurs and other Muslim minorities are reportedly being held in hundreds of concentration camps in China’s Xinjiang province under the thumb of the Chinese Communist Party (CCP) and the U.S. government is working to dismantle this human rights atrocity, as well as level the economic playing field with China, said DHS Acting Deputy Secretary Ken Cuccinelli in an exclusive interview with this reporter.
Cuccinelli criticized the Chinese government’s apparent and alleged human rights abuses. For example, one disturbing report from the Associated Press suggests that the Chinese government is quietly committing a genocide by forcing sterilization, birth control, and abortions of the minority Muslim population.
The Chinese government has denied any such human rights abuses against the minorities and says the camps are simply used for “reeducation.” Beijing, however, keeps the camps under strict surveillance and bars the public and journalists from entering or even going near them.
Many U.S. government agencies and nonprofit groups have collected evidence that suggests China has used the minority groups for slave labor and the products they’ve made have reached our shores. The U.S. Department of Homeland Security is working diligently to stop the campaign in its tracks by issuing Withhold Release Orders (WROs) on products suspected of being produced under the inhumane conditions.
Cuccinelli described the efforts to combat the CCP’s campaign as not only a strategic one, but also a humanitarian one that both Republicans and Democrats should support.
“People can throw around Nazi illusions and holocaust and that’s an extraordinary scale of evil to be speaking of, but here we literally have between one and three million people who are held in concentration camps,” Cuccinelli told this reporter on a phone call Tuesday. “Now, the attempt to exterminate them directly is actually a bit of an open question.”
He added, “it’s very clear that they are not treated like the rest of Chinese citizens. They’re detained, they are subject to physical assault, sexual assault, to all sorts of different restrictions and what would by any definition be torture, and the forced labor. First and foremost, this is a humanitarian undertaking. The United States has always taken that seriously.”
“We obviously at the Department of Homeland Security and CBP, they take it very seriously,” he explained. “The office of Trade has done a very good job in building the cases for these five WROs.”
Cuccinelli said another element is that no American worker and no American company “should have to compete against genuine slave labor, not used euphemistically to say ‘oh, they don’t pay them much,’ this is literally people not free to leave who are forced to go create these products, to be the manpower and then they’re attempted to be sold in the United States.”
“Our workers shouldn’t have to compete with that, our businesses shouldn’t have to compete with that,” he said. “And by denying them access to our market, we make the entire system the Chinese government runs in the Xinjiang province, less viable. The ultimate strategic goal is to get them to abandon it and set these people free.”
U.S. Customs and Border Protection have made a number of critical seizures of packages that DHS says with almost full certainty contain products produced by slave labor in China. On Monday, CBP issued five WROs as part of an ongoing effort to crack down on the CCP’s campaign. The products sold in those recent packages range from hair to technology to even branches of the Chinese Communist government.
WROs are issued “when information reasonably but not conclusively indicates that merchandise within the purview of this provision is being imported. All items are detained and the company is allowed to appeal the designation by providing proof that the item wasn’t produced by forced labor. Furthermore, the company must also show evidence that they don’t use forced labor at all.
Cuccinelli described Monday’s WROs as “a continuation of an investigative effort by customs and border protection that’s been going on for a couple of years now.” Chinese companies have been slammed with the most WROs out of any other country, with 41 dating as far back as 1991.
Earlier this summer, CBP seized nearly 13 tons of human hair with a value of over $800,000, as reported. One of Monday’s seizures also included hair products.
Monday’s five seizures also included products from a company that’s “an element of the Chinese Communist government,” Cuccinelli said, adding “They call it a vocational education camp, we call it a concentration camp because that’s what it is. They provide forced labor to a couple other companies that we have identified in the same industrial park. And WROs have been issued, levied at those two companies for using that labor.”
“So this is a bit of a belt and suspenders situation as far as the use of the slave labor there, but there were also cotton and apparel companies, I mentioned the concentration camp itself, there’s also a computer parts company, but the grand total is over $200,000,000 a year of trade,” Cuccinelli said.
“And this follows also not just the issuance of other WROs, but, early this summer, the Department of Homeland Security with the Departments of State, Labor, and Treasury issued a business advisory, urging businesses to back away from their supply chain participants who are working out of the Xinjiang province as the odds are very high that they are utilizing slave labor,” he added. “So, that was an advisory. I know in July, Treasury imposed some sanctions. This summer, CBP imposed a number of WROs, and then yesterday of course the five issued at once was obviously a big deal in continuing to expand the enforcement efforts on the part of the United States against the use of slave labor by the Chinese Communist governments.”
Once hit with WROs, companies have two options, Cuccinelli explained: “They can take the products and leave the country, thus they lose access to the U.S. market, or they can attempt to overcome the burden of proof, and then they’re in the position of having to prove that their goods were not in fact made with slave labor, so they have to prove a negative in that situation.”
He said they “essentially have to provide evidence of the entire supply chain to be able to do that. Can it be done? Yes. But we don’t typically issue these WROs if we think it’s a close call, we’re typically quite confident that we have the evidence on the books to win a contest because ultimately they can take that conclusion to court, but in the last year, I’m not aware of a single one of those happening. And I’m certainly not aware of any of them prevailing.”
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China Expands Charm Offensive in Southeast Asia to Squeeze out U.S.
Similar to what is happening in the Pacific, the US is facing a significant uphill battle to balance China’s rise in Southeast Asia. During the recent G20 and ASEAN summits in Indonesia and Cambodia, the Chinese Community Party (CCP) media upped its propaganda war against the United States over Southeast Asia. Outlets like Global Times and Xinhua claim that China’s interests in Southeast Asia are focused on mutual benefits, while the US is a malicious force in the region. The CCP press also claims that China is generously giving robust and purposeful aid to the Southeast Asian countries, while the US is neglecting them.
Claim #1: China’s Interest in Southeast Asia is Peaceful and Mutually Beneficial
China’s approach to Southeast Asia is benevolent and focused on mutual benefits, according to the CCP-run press. “China’s goal is to achieve a truly prosperous and peaceful ASEAN,” and “doesn’t interfere in ASEAN members’ internal affairs,” according to Global Times. “China focuses on pragmatic issues, such as promoting infrastructure construction, living standards, which are needed in those countries,” and “China is seeking a cooperative path toward common development,” according to another Global Times article. That same article quoted Chinese Premier Li Keqiang as stating that China and the ASEAN countries “are good neighbors who will always be there for each other…”
One country that is particularly thankful for growing Chinese influence, according to the CCP press, is Indonesia. Indonesians want China to “lead…the world to a more peaceful and prosperous future,” and view Chinese President Xi Jinping “with an apparent sense of affability and affection,” according to Global Times. Marzuki Alie, former speaker of the People’s Representative Council of Indonesia, praised China as “becom[ing] essential in improving global governance,” and that “the visionary concept of building a human community with a shared future proposed by Chinese President Xi Jinping shows China is willing to work with other countries to create a peaceful and secure world with openness and inclusiveness,” according to Xinhua. And perhaps the most perplexing aspect of China’s “benevolence” in Indonesia is the “Peace Ark” – a hospital ship that has recently docked in Indonesia, but that is also a navy ship run by China’s People’s Liberation Army (PLA), according to Global Times.
Malaysia has a favorable view of China as well, according to the CCP press. Koh King Kee, president of Center for New Inclusive Asia, a Malaysian think tank, stated that “China is the backbone of the global supply chain and acts as a ballast stone of the global economy in times of uncertainty,” according to Xinhua.
And in response to US concerns over rising Chinese influence in Cambodia’s Ream Naval Base, Chinese Ambassador to Cambodia Wang Wentian dismisses the base as not targeting any third party, according to Global Times. Cambodia’s Minister of National Defense Tea Banh further claimed that the Chinese involvement in that base is benevolent, stating that the base helps Cambodia “in cooperating with friendly countries and help[ing to] maintain regional peace, stability and prosperity,” according to that same article.
Claim #2: The US’ Interest in Southeast Asia is Manipulative, Malevolent
In contrast to China’s benevolence, the United States “only wants [ASEAN] to serve as its pawn to counter China, and to fulfill its own hegemony goal, according to Global Times. At the G20 conference in Bali, the US takes a “hegemonic, unilateral and protectionist approach,” and “is preaching war and confrontation,” according to that same article.
The US and the West are merely using the G20 summit in Bali “to advance their own geopolitical agenda against Russia, therefore preventing the crucial meeting from tackling serious economic issues,” according to another Global Times article. “Such a geopolitical focus “will worsen this uncertain and unstable world,” according to Veronika S. Saraswati, China Study Unit Convener at the Centre for Strategic and International Studies Indonesia.
According to another Global Times article, the US is using ASEAN “to drive a wedge between China and Southeast Asian nations in the future,” is attempting to “rope in the region via political, security, and value-oriented agendas,” and is trying “to buy off” Southeast Asian countries “by pledging to spend certain amount[s] of money.”
Claim #3: China gives Robust, Targeted Aid to Southeast Asia
CCP media taunts the extensive aid that China is giving to Southeast Asian countries. China has pledged $1.5 billion in “development assistance” to ASEAN countries in November 2021, and Chinese-ASEAN trade was about $878 billion in 2021, according to Global Times. Chinese Premier Li Keqiang claims that of the 160 “cooperation initiatives” that China has suggested with the ASEAN countries in the previous 10 years, over 99.5 percent of them have been implemented, as reported by another Global Times article.
Li also stated that China is planning to build emergency storage for medical supplies and rise within the ASEAN Plus Three (China, Japan and South Korea) framework, according to Global Times.
Chinese state-run media is particularly touting China’s Belt and Road investments in Southeast Asia, particularly in Indonesia and Laos. According to Global Times, the Jakarta-Bandung high speed railway will be operational in June 2023, and as a “flagship project of China-Indonesia cooperation under the Belt and Road Initiative,” will be the first high speed train in Southeast Asia, according to Xinhua. China’s ambassador to Indonesia praised the project, claiming that the railway “will greatly reduce traffic jams, make travel more convenient for local people, improve local investment environment, boost businesses and tourism along the route, and accelerate the building of a high speed railway economic corridor.” The ambassador also mentioned that existing Belt and Road initiatives with Indonesia like the Indonesia Morowali Industrial Park and the PT Virtue Dragon Nickel Industry Park, “have generated tax incomes, job opportunities and foreign exchange earnings, and provided Indonesia with opportunities for greater participation in global industrial chains of stainless steel and new energy.”
Claim #4: US Investment Lags Behind China
On the other hand, the CCP media claims that the US is lagging far behind Chinese investments in Southeast Asia. President Biden’s newly announced “Comprehensive Strategic Partnership” with the ASEAN countries “…looks more like a symbolic act. The US is playing the catch-up game with China,” according to Koh King Kee, president of a Malaysian think tank, according to Global Times.
US and ASEAN trade, at $441 million in 2021, was almost half that of Chinese investment for that same time, according to Global Times. President Biden pledged to ask Congress for $850 million in aid for electric vehicles and clean energy to ASEAN countries, but this amount is “symbolic” and a “mere ‘drop in the bucket’,” according to Global Times. In May, Biden “announced a $150 million development and security package” for the ASEAN countries according to that same article, which pales in comparison to the amounts in aid that China claims it is giving those same countries.
According to Global Times, Chinese Premier Li Keqiang mentioned that US investment in ASEAN is “a drop in the bucket if compared to US support for Ukraine” during the Biden administration, which Global Times claims is “over $18.9 billion in security assistance.”
CCP media is waging a charm offensive targeting Southeast Asia. While China is investing heavily in these countries, the US has yet to devise a credible counter to such influence.
You can follow Steve Postal on @HebraicMosaic
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